Bharat Ratna (Jewel of India or Gem of India in English) is the Republic of India's highest civilian award.
Until 2011, the official criteria for awarding the Bharat Ratna stipulated it was to be conferred "for the highest degrees of national service. This service includes artistic, literary, and scientific achievements, as well as "recognition of public service of the highest order." In December 2011, the Government of India modified the criteria to allow sportspersons to receive the award; since then, the award may be conferred "for performance of highest order in any field of human endeavour."
Any person without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex is eligible for the award. The recommendations for an award of the "Bharat Ratna" are made by the Prime Minister of India to the President of India; a maximum of three awards may be made in a given year. The holders of the Bharat Ratna rank 7th in the Indian order of precedence; however, the honour does not carry a monetary grant. The honour does not confer any pre- or post-nominal titles or letters; recipients are constitutionally prohibited from using the award name as a title or post-nominal. However, if they desire, recipients may state they are Bharat Ratna awardees in their curriculum vitae, on letterheads or on business cards.
Description of Awarded:
An image of the Sun along with the words "Bharat Ratna", inscribed in Devanagari script, on a peepul leaf. The award is instituted in 1954 by Government of India and only 43 person has been awarded till now.
Image of the Award:
Recent Awardee of the award:
|CNR RAO, India Scientist|
|Sachin Tendulkar Indian Criketer|